Country Facts

Country Facts

Uganda, the Pearl of Africa is known worldwide and lies on the northern shores of Lake Victoria. It is land-locked and at the center of Africa. It is a landlocked country in East Africa and bordered by Kenya in the East, on the North by Sudan, on the West by the Democratic Republic of Congo, on the Southwest by Rwanda, and on the South by Tanzania.

Capital city: Kampala

Total Area: 236,040 km2

Area under water: 15.39 %

Population: 35 million people (2012)

Languages: English and Swahili.

Religions: Christians are the majority in the countryside, whereas Muslims are common on the Coast and are about 30% of the population; minority groups practice traditional religions.

Government: Republic

Independence Date: 9th October 1962

Industry: Tourism, processed food, Brewing, vehicles and accessories, Cotton and Textiles, Cement and construction materials, chemicals.

Agriculture: Coffee, Tea, Cotton, Banana, Tobacco.

Climate: Tropical

The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, within which it shares borders with Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompassed a portion of the south of the country including the capital Kampala.

The country harbors the Equator, which runs through the beautiful country. The Northern part of the country is semi-arid except where the Albert Nile runs through it while the rest of the country is extremely fertile. The climate is mild all year round owing to its location on a plateau. It has a unique ethnic cultural bio-diversity, very hospitable people and unmatched ecological species.

Over 7% of global mammal species are found in Uganda including 53.9% of the mountain gorillas. The country has diverse drainage systems, water bodies, tropical rain-forests, beautiful scenery, open savanna plains and over 1500 bird species making Uganda one of the best Eco- tourism destinations in the world.

The country holds ten National Parks and twelve game reserves which together provide a great number of Wildlife and tourism attractions. Among the significant attractions and activities are; Game viewing, bird watching, scenery viewing, white water rafting, butterfly watching, gorilla tracking, chimpanzee habituation experience, nature walks, community walk, forest walks, primate walk, mountaineering, caving, Boat & Launch cruises, canoeing, sport fishing and eco-tourism safaris plus a rich cultural background among the people grace Uganda, making it a ‘home away from home’ for any visitor.

Gracefully known as the Pearl of Africa, Uganda is among the most beautiful safari destinations in East Africa and the world at large with its vast highlands, beautiful sceneries and a spectacular yet undiscovered wildlife. 

As a country it has comfortable weather year-round and above all friendly people that will make your holiday a journey to remember not forgetting its elusive and treasured mountain gorilla.

Uganda is full of exciting attractions from mountain gorilla tracking, chimp trekking, game viewing, forest walks, bird watching, hiking, white water rafting, bungee jumping, sport-fishing, horse riding, boat/launch trips, quad biking or cultural activities, the country's attractions are simply unlimited!

Experience Uganda safaris as never before and learn about its stunning rich cultural diversity and national parks. Uganda Safaris are truly amazingly different.


Why choose Uganda as your safari destination

Known as the Pearl of Africa, Uganda is a wealth of attraction that spoils any visitor for choice and a single visit is never enough to discover the wonders it offers. Being a destination untouched by mass tourism, you can sure experience an air of expectancy in the national parks teaming with wildlife and magic in the mountains. This makes Uganda one of the most thrilling African safari destinations!

The country is known for its fine sunny and rainy weather which often does not require the wearing of warm clothing except on some chilly nights in the mountainous areas in western and eastern Uganda. Uganda is on the sunny side most of the year, especially in the central region. Rainfall comes in torrents, especially when the expected patterns are delayed for some months.

  • A large diversity of wildlife with the country hosting ten national parks and some of the wildlife found in some of these parks is unique only to this part of the world. The tree climbing lions of the Ishasha sector of Queen Elizabeth National park found in south western Uganda. These rare lions can be seen during a mid-morning game drive lying up on the tree branches having a nap. They have become a popular attraction for tourists transferring to Bwindi National park.


  • Distinctive wet and dry seasons are typical of most areas in Uganda. For example in the southern half of Uganda there is rainfall from March to May and in September to November. The rest of the periods are dry. There is a well-distributed rainfall pattern around the Lake Victoria Crescent, with storms and unpredictable rains falling during seasons when there is no rain elsewhere in Uganda.


  • Extensive variety of bird species, Uganda is rated one of the top birding destination and you can bird Uganda all year round given the comfortable weather in Uganda. The Unique and Varied landscape makes birding experiences a wonder and unforgettable experience.


  •  Mountain Gorilla tracking is the major attraction for tourist travelling in this region and this activity is subject to Gorilla permit availability and only eight people can track each gorilla family per day. You can get to the park either by road or by charter flights.


  • Mountain Trekking, Uganda has a wide section of mountains to visit with the mystic Ruwenzori Mountains National Park in Uganda is a truly fantastic and unique experience that the country offers. Dubbed as the, “The Mountains of the Moon”, by the geographer Claudius Ptolemy till to this day this name is used to refer to them.The snowcapped mountain peak is the third highest in Africa with Margherita Peak at 5,109 metres on Mt Stanley and can prove to be quite a challenge to even the most seasoned mountain climber. There is also Mountain Elgon in Eastern Uganda which offers a maximum of five days to Wagagai peak.


  • Uganda is home to the second largest lake in the world and also the source of the river Nile the longest river in the world and also hosts other lakes Albert, George,Edward, Mburo,Kyoga among others and all these offer attractions from White water rafting for adventure lovers, boat cruises, Sport fishing,  and the Islands on lake Victoria with white sand beaches  offer some of the best beach holidays in this part of the world.
  • Cultural and ethnic diversity unchanged by time. Uganda is a country of many cultural contrasts with over 17 different tribes with unique cultures. For example if you go west to Mbarara District, you will meet the Bahima, a race of Ankole. This is an egalitarian group of tall beautiful people who live on their cattle, milk and ghee. They move from place to place in search of grass for their herds. The Acholi from northern Uganda, on the other hand celebrate the abundant harvest with rich folklore of songs and dance. This is a thanksgiving ceremony.


  • Safe for travel; Uganda is now a safe destination for any tourists who would wish to come and experience the amazing beauty that the country offers. The country has seen development in trade and commerce and Sustainable Tourism has become a priority as the country views it as tool for development from the grass root levels much effort is on Ecotourism and sustainable tourism.


 Travel Guide 

How to reach Uganda by air

There are several airlines that fly to Entebbe International Airport in Uganda. The most common from Europe are Brussels Airlines, KLM, Emirates and British Airways. Other companies are Kenyan Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, Egypt Air, South African Airways recently also Qatar Airways and Turkish airlines. There are daily flights to and out of Entebbe International Airport although none is direct from USA.

Best Travel Period

The best period to visit Uganda is during the dry seasons from December to March and from June to September. October – November and April-May are considered period of rain. However, tourism in Uganda is not seasonal, and road conditions and temperature are stable all year round.

We advise you to travel light as most of the trip will be on the safari vehicles.

Health requirements
Vaccination against Yellow Fever is no longer mandatory. Take your anti-malarial drugs before arrival in Uganda and come along with mosquito repellants.
We recommend that you bring all your personal medications.

Dress is mainly informal and should be light as well as practical, like long trousers, t-shirts, trekking shoes. Something warm should be brought along for early morning and evenings and shirts/jumpers in the evening are better helping against mosquitoes. Light rain jacket for the rain is necessary. Do not forget sun glasses, hat, sunscreen products, and torch for evening, insect’s repellents, swimming costume, backpack, binoculars for game drives and birding. Remember to bring with you disinfectant products for the hands and face.

Transport and communication network 
Uganda has a well-developed mobile phone network as well as telephone booth.

Uganda has a developed network of tarmac roads connecting Kampala with the main towns and regions. However, in national parks the roads are not tarmac but generally well maintained.

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