Historical Background of Kenya
Kenya, in Eastern Africa is one of the prime travel destinations in the world, due to the country's scenery, wildlife and climate. Conservation of the environment has long been a priority in Kenya, and it has over 60 national parks and reserves, each with something special to offer.
Kenya is one of Africa's leading tourism destinations. It is one of the best safari destinations for the country; Kenya is the favorite for big game safaris, beach vacations, mountaineering and cultural tours. Kenya is a land of many contrasts ranging from varied traditions to the culture of the people, the superb beaches along the coastal area, the equatorial glaciers of Mt Kenya at an altitude of more than 4,573 meters, to the natural habitat inhabited by different types of animals big and small, herbivorous and carnivores. All this combine to make a small world of Kenya with natural features of its own.
Kenya's independence from the British Empire was marked by the election of Jomo Kenyatta as the first President of Kenya in 12 December 1963. He ruled until his death in 1978, leading the KANU party as a single party state. The country enjoyed development and stability. Daniel Arap Moi followed Kenyatta and remained in power for 25 years conducting a rigid autocratic regime. Democratic elections were first held in 1993 and confirmed the presidency of Moi. In 2002 the opposition coalition led by Mwai Kibaki was able to win the elections.