Uganda is home to 13 different species of diurnal and 6 kinds of nocturnal primate. They can be found in many of the parks throughout Uganda. The vast number of primates sets this country apart from other East African countries such as Kenya and Tanzania, since you can find a much greater variety in one park.
About half of the world’s population of 700 mountain gorillas live in the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest; the remainder in the Virungas massif. Four groups can be visited in the Parc National des Volcans in Rwanda and another in Mgahinga in Uganda. Sightings are not guaranteed, but 99% of groups, (a maximum of six to eight people), are fortunate.
Uganda is home not only to four groups of gorillas habituated to visitors but also to the widest range of primates in Africa. Visit the orphaned chimpanzees on Ngamba Island on Lake Victoria and track chimpanzees in the National Parks.
The best time for game-viewing is in the dry seasons from January to February and June to July. Although conditions are more challenging in the wet season, primate tracking is easier - as groups are less active and the scenery is at its best
Any visit to Uganda isn’t complete without visiting the endangered Mountain Gorillas and over half of the world’s population can be found here (around 350 of them). Outside of Uganda they can only be found in Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo – generally Mountain Gorillas don’t survive in captivity and therefore you are unlikely to see them in any zoo. In Uganda the Gorillas can be found in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla Park. Bwindi National Park is home to 5 different groups who are all habituated (accustomed to human visitors) and this is from where we run our Gorilla Tracking tours. The Gorillas found at Mgahinga travel back and forth to Rwanda and therefore sightings here are less reliable.
Males gorillas are normally twice the size of the females, they can reach 6 ft tall and weigh between 300-500lbs.